How do I access Express.js session variables in ReactJS?

How do I access Express.js session variables in ReactJS?

In a typical web application architecture, Express.js handles server-side tasks, including managing sessions, while React.js is responsible for the client-side user interface. To access Express.js session variables in a React.js application, you need to set up and configure session management on the server-side and create endpoints (API routes) for the client-side to communicate with. Here's a high-level guide on how to achieve this:

1)Set Up Session Management in Express.js:

  • First, make sure you have Express.js and a session management library like express-session installed in your Node.js backend.
  • Configure session management by setting up express-session middleware. Here's an example of how you might configure it:
const express = require('express');
const session = require('express-session');
const app = express();

    secret: 'your-secret-key', // Replace with a secure secret key
    resave: false,
    saveUninitialized: true,

// Your other Express.js middleware and routes...


2)Set Session Variables:

  • In your Express.js routes, set session variables by accessing req.session. For example:'/login', (req, res) => {
  const { username, userId } = req.body;

  req.session.user = { username, userId };

  // Other login logic...

3)Create an API Endpoint:

  • Create an API endpoint in your Express.js server that can be called by your React.js frontend to access session variables. For example:
app.get('/api/user', (req, res) => {
  const user = req.session.user;
  if (user) {
  } else {
    res.status(401).json({ message: 'Unauthorized' });

4)Make a Request from React.js:

  • In your React.js application, you can use a library like axios or fetch to make an API request to your Express.js server to retrieve the session data. For example:
import axios from 'axios';

// Make a request to the API endpoint you created in step 3
  .then(response => {
    const userData =;
    // Use userData in your React component
  .catch(error => {
    console.error('Error: ', error);
    // Handle the error or redirect the user

5)Protect Routes:

    • If you want to protect specific routes in your React application based on the user's session, you can make a request to the Express.js server to check if the user is authenticated and authorized to access those routes. If not, you can redirect them or show an error message.

This is a basic outline of how you can access Express.js session variables in a React.js application. Keep in mind that you may need to configure your CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing) settings to allow your React app to communicate with your Express.js server, especially if they are running on different domains or ports.

Newsletter Subcribe

Receive updates and latest news direct from our team. Simply enter your email.